Discover 15 Types of Photography and How to Get Started: Portrait, Landscape, Wildlife, Street, Food, Sports, Astrophotography, and More!

Portrait of woman with background bokeh effect

Photography is a versatile art form that encompasses a wide range of styles and techniques. Whether you’re an aspiring photographer or just someone who loves taking pictures, there’s a type of photography out there that’s perfect for you. Here are 15 different types of photography, along with the equipment you’ll need and some tips for each category:

Portrait Photography
  1. Portrait Photography: 

Portrait photography is all about capturing the essence of a person. This type of photography can be done in a studio or on location. To get started with portrait photography, you’ll need a camera with a fast lens, such as a Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM or Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 35mm f/1.8G, as well as lighting equipment if you’re shooting in a studio. When shooting portraits, pay attention to the subject’s facial expressions and try to capture their personality.

 

Equipment Needed: camera with fast lens, lighting equipment (optional) Tips: focus on facial expressions and personality of the subject

Landscape Photography
  1. Landscape Photography:

Landscape photography is all about capturing the beauty of the natural world. To get started with landscape photography, you’ll need a camera with a wide-angle lens, such as a Canon EF 16-35mm f/2.8L III USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8G ED, as well as a tripod to keep your camera steady. When shooting landscapes, try to capture the unique features of the landscape and use the rule of thirds to create a balanced composition.

Equipment Needed: camera with a wide-angle lens, tripod Tips: capture unique features of the landscape, use rule of thirds

Wildlife photography. A Leopard walking towards the camera in the Kruger.
  1. Wildlife Photography:

Wildlife photography is all about capturing animals in their natural habitat. To get started with wildlife photography, you’ll need a camera with a long telephoto lens, such as a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR, as well as a tripod to keep your camera steady. When shooting wildlife, try to capture their behavior and movement, and pay attention to the light and composition.

Equipment Needed: camera with a telephoto lens, tripod Tips: capture behavior and movement of animals, pay attention to light and composition

street photography
  1. Street Photography:

Street photography is all about capturing candid moments of people in public places. To get started with street photography, you’ll need a camera with a fast lens, such as a Fujifilm XF35mmF2 R WR or Sony E 50mm f/1.8 OSS, as well as the ability to shoot quickly and discreetly. When shooting street photography, look for interesting people, places, and situations, and pay attention to the light and composition.

Equipment Needed: camera with fast lens Tips: shoot quickly and discreetly, look for interesting people and situations, pay attention to light and composition

Indian food photography
  1. Food Photography:

Food photography is all about capturing the beauty and deliciousness of food. To get started with food photography, you’ll need a camera with a macro lens, such as a Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM Macro or Nikon AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED, as well as lighting equipment if you’re shooting in a studio. When shooting food, pay attention to the lighting, styling, and composition, and make sure to capture the textures and colors of the food.

Equipment Needed: camera with macro lens, lighting equipment (optional) Tips: pay attention to lighting, styling,

Sports Photography lens
  1. Sports Photography:

Sports photography is all about capturing the action and excitement of sports events. To get started with sports photography, you’ll need a camera with a fast autofocus system, such as a Canon EOS 7D Mark II or Nikon D500, as well as a long telephoto lens, such as a Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS III USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 70-200mm f/2.8E FL ED VR. When shooting sports, pay attention to the timing and composition, and try to capture the emotion and intensity of the event.

Equipment Needed: camera with fast autofocus, long telephoto lens Tips: pay attention to timing and composition, capture emotion and intensity of the event

Astro Photography .Milky way stars over the beach - Night photography - Astro photography - Galaxy - Space
  1. Astrophotography:

Astrophotography is all about capturing the beauty of the night sky. To get started with astrophotography, you’ll need a camera with a high ISO capability, such as a Sony a7S II or Nikon D850, as well as a wide-angle lens, such as a Rokinon 14mm f/2.8 or Sigma 14mm f/1.8 DG HSM Art. When shooting astrophotography, pay attention to the exposure and focus, and use a tripod to keep your camera steady.

Equipment Needed: camera with high ISO capability, wide-angle lens, tripod Tips: pay attention to exposure and focus, use a tripod to keep your camera steady

Fashion photography portrait of young beautiful elegant woman
  1. Fashion Photography:

Fashion photography is all about capturing the style and beauty of clothing and accessories. To get started with fashion photography, you’ll need a camera with a high-resolution sensor, such as a Sony a7R III or Nikon D850, as well as a fast lens, such as a Canon EF 85mm f/1.2L II USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 85mm f/1.4G. Lighting equipment is also essential for fashion photography, such as a studio strobe or continuous light. When shooting fashion, pay attention to the styling and composition, and make sure to capture the details of the clothing and accessories.

Equipment Needed: camera with high-resolution sensor, fast lens, lighting equipment Tips: pay attention to styling and composition, capture details of clothing and accessories

travel photography - paris at night
  1. Travel Photography:

Travel photography is all about capturing the beauty and culture of different places around the world. To get started with travel photography, you’ll need a versatile camera, such as a Sony a7 III or Canon EOS R, as well as a zoom lens, such as a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 24-70mm f/2.8E ED VR. When shooting travel photography, pay attention to the light and composition, and try to capture the unique features of each location.

Equipment Needed: versatile camera, zoom lens Tips: pay attention to light and composition, capture unique features of each location

Black and white photography , beautiful adult caucasian
  1. Black and White Photography:

Black and white photography is all about capturing the contrast and tonality of monochrome images. To get started with black and white photography, you’ll need a camera with a high-resolution sensor, such as a Canon EOS 5D Mark IV or Nikon D850, as well as a lens that can capture sharp and detailed images, such as a Zeiss Milvus 50mm f/1.4 or Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art. When shooting black and white photography, pay attention to the contrast and tonality, and try to capture the emotion and mood of the scene.

Equipment Needed: camera with high-resolution sensor, lens for sharp and detailed images Tips: pay attention to contrast and tonality, capture emotion and mood of the scene

Macro Photography - urbantroop.com
  1. Macro Photography:

Macro photography is all about capturing the details and textures of small objects. To get started with macro photography, you’ll need a camera with a macro lens, such as a Nikon AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED or Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM, as well as a tripod to keep your camera steady. When shooting macro photography, pay attention to the depth of field and lighting, and try to capture the textures and patterns of the subject.

Equipment Needed: camera with macro lens, tripod Tips: pay attention to depth of field and lighting, capture textures and patterns of the subject

Horse Parade, Buckingham Palace
  1. Documentary Photography:

Documentary photography is all about telling a story through images. To get started with documentary photography, you’ll need a camera with a fast lens, such as a Fujifilm X-T4 or Sony Alpha a7 III, as well as the ability to shoot quickly and discreetly. When shooting documentary photography, pay attention to the subject and the context, and try to capture the emotion and narrative of the scene.

Equipment Needed: camera with fast lens Tips: shoot quickly and discreetly, capture emotion and narrative of the scene

Beautiful Nature Norway aerial photography.
  1. Aerial Photography:

Aerial photography is all about capturing images from above, either from a drone or a plane. To get started with aerial photography, you’ll need a camera with a high-resolution sensor, such as a Sony a7R IV or Nikon D850, as well as a drone or plane that can carry your camera. When shooting aerial photography, pay attention to the composition and perspective, and try to capture the unique features of the landscape or cityscape.

Equipment Needed: camera with high-resolution sensor, drone or plane Tips: pay attention to composition and perspective, capture unique features of the landscape or cityscape

Naked woman sitting in the cemetery. My Fine Art Photography.
  1. Fine Art Photography:

Fine art photography is all about creating images that are aesthetically pleasing and meaningful. To get started with fine art photography, you’ll need a camera with a high-resolution sensor, such as a Nikon D850 or Canon EOS R5, as well as a lens that can capture sharp and detailed images, such as a Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM or Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 24-70mm f/2.8E ED VR. When shooting fine art photography, pay attention to the composition and mood, and try to create images that are both beautiful and thought-provoking.

Equipment Needed: camera with high-resolution sensor, lens for sharp and detailed images Tips: pay attention to composition and mood, create images that are both beautiful and thought-provoking

Metal wool night photography at nighttime
  1. Night Photography:

Night photography is all about capturing the beauty of the world after dark. To get started with night photography, you’ll need a camera with a high ISO capability, such as a Sony a7S II or Canon EOS R6, as well as a tripod to keep your camera steady. When shooting night photography, pay attention to the exposure and focus, and try to capture the unique features of the night, such as star trails or city lights.

Equipment Needed: camera with high ISO capability, tripod Tips: pay attention to exposure and focus, capture unique features of the night

In conclusion, photography is a beautiful art form that allows us to capture the world around us in all its splendor. Whether you’re capturing the essence of a person in portrait photography, the majesty of the natural world in landscape photography, or the emotion of a sports event in sports photography, photography is a powerful tool for capturing moments and preserving memories. With the right equipment and some practice, you too can create images that inspire and delight others. So go out there, explore the world with your camera, and capture the beauty and wonder that surrounds us every day. Who knows, your next photograph could be the one that touches someone’s heart or changes the world.

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Megren Naidoo
Megren Naidoo (Urbantroop)

Megren Naidoo – a Senior Technology Architect with a photographer’s eye and a writer’s soul. My blog offers insights, lessons learned, and a helping hand to new content creators. I draw from my experiences in technology and creative fields to provide a unique perspective.